‘Collective Unconscious’ is the main collection of the theories about the human and its inner self written by C. G. Jung. This book talks about the most important archetype states such as the Mother-goddess, Child, Myth and Shadow. It gives a clear explanation of what an archetype is and how Jung has adjusted this theory to what he did and how he understood things. The book is covered in mandala type illustrations full of representative symbols and appropriate colours. In each chapter the illustrations have been thoroughly explained what they mean and why they had been done exactly this way. This gives a visual representation to the ‘Collective Unconscious’ theories.

Since the early days of the human world, the archetypes have been used in art, poetry, stories and similar. The main idea of what an Archetype is that is is a symbol that repeats itself and has the same representation as the ages pass. However, Jung believed that the real archetypes are the ones that can be adjusted depending on the human life, social reasons and environment.

The term ‘archetype’ is often misunderstood as meaning a certain definite
mythological image or motif… on the contrary, [it is] an inherited tendency
of the human mind to form representations of mythological motifs —
representations that vary a great deal without losing their basic

Many confuse the myth and the archetype. Archetype relates to something that  can only be perceived consciously or unconsciously on the other hand the myth is psychic.

Another well-known expression of the archetype is myth and fairytale. But here too we are dealing with forms that have received a specific stamp and have been handed down through long periods of time.
the archetype is especially an unconscious content that is altered by becoming conscious and by being perceived, and it takes its colour from the individual consciousness in which it happens to appear [a pattern of human behaviour]
…myths refer to something psychic.

myths are original revelations of the preconscious psyche, involuntary statements about unconscious psychic, happening, and anything but allegories of psychical processes.

C. G. Jung was a painter who gave his theories a visual representation. One of the representations was of the unconscious, he believed that water is the best symbol for it.

water is the commonest symbol for the unconscious. the lake in the valley is the unconscious, which lies, as it were, underneath consciousness, so that it is often referred to as the ‘’subconscious’’, usually with the pejorative connotation of an inferior consciousness.

What our dreams contain of are the fantasies and wishes for something to happen in real life but never will, our unconscious creates images in our dreams to satisfy this need.

dreams often contain fantasies which ‘’want ‘’ to become conscious. the sources of dreams are often repressed instincts which have a natural tendency to influence their conscious mind.

Anima has been one of the most important human mind states that C. G. Jung has given a special place in the chosen archetype list. It is a state the represent the psyche, it can be feminine or take the state of Animus (male version).

one of these archetypes, which is of paramount practical importance for the psychotherapist, I have named Anima.

when projected, the Anima always has a feminine form with definite characteristics.

when the Anima is strong con-stellated, she softens the man’s character and makes him touchy, irritable, moody, jealous, vain, and unadjusted.

Another highly important archetype is the Mother.Without the mother, nothing would be possible, nothing would exist. Mother symbol becomes a Goddess. The circle is the representation of the mother archetype as it also relates to the human life circle and never endlessness.

the concept of the Great Mother belongs to the field of comparative religion and embraces widely varying types of mother-goddess.

the magic circle or mandala can be a form of mother archetype.

The qualities associated with it are maternal solitude and sympathy; the magic authority of the female; the wisdom and spiritual exaltation that transcend reason; any helpful instinct or impulse; all that is benign, all the cherishes and sustains, that fosters growth and fertility.

Child is a part of human life circle. It has taken a special place in the Jung’s archetype list.  The state of a child is when a person becomes who he or she will grow up to. It is a state of learning, experiencing, memorising and learning independence while looking at the figures of their parents. A child is a symbol of a person – pure and open to examine.

the child motif represents the preconscious, childhood aspects of the collective psyche. [a picture of certain forgotten things in our childhood; memory of one’s own childhood].

‘’child’’ means something evolving towards independence.

the phenomenology of the ‘’child’s’’ birth always points back to an original psychological state of non-recognition, i.e., of darkness and twilight, of non-differentiation between subject and object, of unconscious identity of man and the universe.

‘’child’’ symbolizes the pre-conscious and post-conscious essence of man. [Pre-conscious – the unconscious state of earliest childhood; post-conscious – analogy of life after death.]

Bibliography to this or any other short book description essays is provided in the BIBLIOGRAPHY section of this WordPress blog.


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