This book contains the proof of the dream existence, that it can be interpret – which was the biggest discovery in the world of psychology . Sigmund Freud talks about the different types of stimuli that can change how the dreams are created, what we see in them and what we experience. There have been mentioned the three most important stimuli: internal (organic) physical stimuli; internal (subjective) sensory stimuli; external sensory stimuli. Dreams, according to S. Freud theory, represent the hidden unconscious wishes in order for fulfilment, memories from our childhood and recent experiences that have unconsciously been memorised.
F. W. Hildebrandt said:
‘The dream is something absolutely divorced from the reality experienced during the waking state; one may call it an existence hermetically sealed up and insulated from real life by an unbridgeable chasm. It frees us from reality, blots out the normal recollection of reality, and sets us in another world and a totally different life, which fundamentally has nothing in common with real life.’
How dreams are created? S. Freud talks about three different ways that stimulate different dream experiences, creates different images and situations. First he talks about the experiences we received as kids. It is well know, that our childhood shapes our personalities and who we grow up to be. Most of the times, memories from different childhood experiences fade, however they stay recorded in our unconsciousness, which results in awaking after many years pass in our dreams. However, only the experiences that had been the most memorable stay when other soft memories vanish completely.
One of the sources from which dreams draw material for reproduction – material of which some part is not recalled or utilized is our waking thoughts – is to be found in childhood.
The second highly important element in creating dreams is the recent experiences. This is mostly because the memories have not happened too long ago and big amount of little details have still stayed in our memories which vanish and fade away as the time passes and can not be the main stimulations any more as they are replaced with new experiences.
As though to counterbalance the excessive part which is played in our dreams by the impressions of childhood, many authors asset that the majority of dreams reveal elements drawn from our most recent experiences.
But probably the biggest element in dream creation would be the three stimuli: internal (organic) physical stimuli; internal (subjective) sensory stimuli; external sensory stimuli. They can vary depending on what sensitivities each person has and what dream experiences can a person undergo.
Observers have called attention to a whole series of dreams in which the stimulus ascertained on waking and some part of the dream-content corresponded to such a degree that the stimulus could be recognised as the source of the dream.
Sigmund Freud talks about different tests that had been done in order to prove the theory that the three before mentioned stimulations can have a huge impact on how the dreams are formed.
A drop of water was allowed to fall on to his forehead. He imagined himself in Italy, perspiring heavily, and drinking the white wine of Orvieto.
The same way the dreams are created, the same way they vanish. However there are ways to record the dream experiences and stories. some dreams vanish as soon as we open our eyes – these are the dreams that have not given us much of a experience to remember or we unconsciously do not want to remember. However, any other dreams that we do remember as soon as we wake up have been memorised for one or another reason which involves our psychological, physical and social states. Even though they have been memorised, after waking up we are still not able to recall of everything that happened and during the period of time the dream memory vanishes completely.
For we know the dream, of course, only by recalling it after waking; but we very often believe that we remember it incompletely, that during the night there was more of it than we remember. We may observe how the memory of a dream which in the morning was still vivid fades in the course of the day, leaving only few trifling remnants.
S. Freud believes that all dreams have an interpretation. For example, in one situation symbols can be replaced with memories and persons experiences in order to read the hidden message. In other situations, dreams become symbols and have an archetypical meaning to them. There aren’t dream that do not have any interpretation.
The dream is not comparable to the irregular sounds of a musical instrument, which, instead of being played by the hand of a musician, is struck by some external force; the dream is not meaningless, not absurd, does not presuppose that one part of our store of ideas is dormant while another part begins to awake.
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