Notes to mention in my essay/dissertation about the expressionism art:
- Abstract expressionists were inspired by C. G. Jung’s theories;
- Used symbols and archetypes in their art to express human nature;
- There exists two types of abstract art – readable and full of symbols and geometric;
- The narrator and the protagonist of the story in the painting is a human being and human emotions;
- Mechanical/Automatic drawing was used in their art to express their inner unconscious.
‘In the 1940s, artists like Adolph Gottlieb, Mark Rothko, and Jackson Pollock believed that they could use universal symbols to evoke certain emotions in the viewer‘. (MoMA, 2013)
More information from: http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/themes/abstract-expressionism/abstract-expressionism-a-new-art-for-a-new-world
Abstract Expressionists looked at Carl Jung‘s explanations of primitive archetypes which were the part of the collective human experiences. (Spivey,2005)
More information from: http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/the-context-of-abstract-expressionism.html
The group of artists known as Abstract Expressionists emerged in the United States in the years following World War II. As the term suggests, their work was characterized by non-objective imagery that appeared emotionally charged with personal meaning.
Their paintings did not express mere emotion. They communicated universal truths about the human condition.
Whereas Surrealism had found inspiration in the theories of Sigmund Freud, the Abstract Expressionists looked more to the Swiss psychologist Carl Jung and his explanations of primitive archetypes that were a part of our collective human experience.
More information from: https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/art-1010/abstract-exp-nyschool/abstract-expressionism/a/abstract-expressionism-an-introduction