Notes abut archetypes from the bibliography:

  • Mother, Rebirth, Spirit and Trickster – four main archetypes mentioned by C. G. Jung.
  • Rebirth can be divided into 5 different states: Metempsychosis, Reincarnation, Resurrection, Renovatio, Participation in the process of transformation.
  • Basic archetype unconscious patterns mentioned by C. G. Jung: self, shadow, animus/anima, mana, and others.

Н. Е. Пурнис. Арт- терапия. Аспекты трансперсональной псиxoлогии. Cанкт- Петербург: Речь, 2008.
[All the information provided is translated from a book mentioned above]
In the psychoanalytical theory, symbol can be:

• the expression of the unconscious, however not related to it directly;
• the expression of the conflict with the human inside;
• suppressed expression of the sexual instincts.
Symbols appear:

• in dreams as a visual form;
• in the paintings;
• dark, metaphorical and mystical inside personality life images;
• in the images of the individual universal phenomenon;
• as an expression of archetypes.
Symbols can be decided into the following categories:

1. nature;
2. animals;
3. human;
4. the products of human;
5. religion;
6. mythology;
7. abstraction;
8. individual/spontaneous.

The reason is that Tarot relies on some of the most fundamental archetypes in our subconscious minds, like “Mother” “Father” “Teacher” “Wise Old Man” etc.

Jackson Pollock understood that in his “drip” paintings.  In his later work, Pollock intentionally tried to avoid any image that is recognizable.  And yet, I have attended an exhibition of the greatest modern artists of all time at the Boston Museum of Art, and I found that Pollock’s work moved me far beyond any other.  It brought me to tears!  It talks to my subconscious mind in a way I cannot describe beyond these meagre words.

More information from: http://www.archetypeinart.com/ by 2010 Donald L. Conover

“Only living is the symbol for the viewer is the ultimate expression of what is sensed but not yet recognized. It then prompts the unconscious participation. It generates life and stimulates its development.Not only the symbol expresses the depths of the self, which he gives form and shape, but it stimulates the emotional charge of his images, the development of mental processes ”


The archetype is a possibility of representation, a willingness to always produce the same mythical representations.They are not representations but inherited innate dispositions that produce similar representations.

“The profusion of animal symbols in religions and the archetypes of all time not only emphasizes symbols and their significance. It also shows how important it is for people to integrate into his life psychic content of the symbol, that is to say instinct.Animal in itself is neither good nor bad. It is natural! It can desire nothing which is not in his nature. To put it otherwise he obeys his instincts.These instincts often seem mysterious, but they have their parallel in human life: the foundation of human nature is instinct.In humans, the animal can be dangerous if not recognized and integrated into the life of the individual. Man is the only creature that has the power to control his instincts by will …. But it can also repress, repress, distort, injuring an animal is never so dangerous as when wounded.Thus, the repressed instincts may in turn dominate man to destroy it. ”

“The symbols are not addressed to anyone. They confuse, especially those spirits called positive, who are accustomed to basing their arguments on the rigidity of dogmatic formulas or scientific. However the practical usefulness of these formulas can not be disputed.They helped build, stone by stone, the whole edifice of our modern science we owe all findings of scientific experimentalism and all the wonderful discoveries that are the glory of our time.The philosophical point of view, the precise formulas do not correspond to the least thought frozen artificially bounded off, immobilized, so it appears to be dead over the living thought, indefinite, complex and mobile, which reflected in the symbols.”

Oswald Wirth

More information from: https://www.behance.net/gallery/5876147/SYMBOLIUM

Carl Gustav Jung, who is sometimes credited with inventing (or at least popularizing) the concept of archetype.

Jung believed that there are basic archetypes or patterns which exist at the unconscious level: self, shadow, animus/anima, mana, and others. These lead to an infinite variety of more specific images. The basic archetypes are building blocks for many more recognizable characters that form the “latent dispositions common to all men.”

There are animal archetypes as well. What do you think of when you think fox? Clever, subtle, sly. Lion: powerful, fearless, leader. Owl: clever. Think about the mythology of the snake. Even the lowly ant is a powerful archetype. Are these archetypes as true as the Jungian version? Yes, why not? Are they universal?
Do they represent us in the guise of members of the animal kingdom? Is your next door neighbour a sly fox or an industrious ant? In our view, probably both. We carry elements of each archetype within ourselves, varying with respect to the degree of each character trait.

More information from: http://www.researchdimensions.com/article_12.html by David Kay

Other bibliography used for this post:

Jung, C. G. (2003). Four Archetypes. New York: Routledge.


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