Surrealism movement has always been one of my most favourite art movements. In various projects the thinking of a surrealist has been always coming to my mind – this way I had been including the imagery which I believe was surreal but in a drawn way. You might call the imagery odd, however this time for my FMP project surrealism and automatism have been my main drives. In order to achieve the best of it, I have spent quite a lot of time researching about the surrealism movement. Below I have written my most inspiring quotes that explain the surrealism movement and as well I have written explanation under each on how this has helped me to understand the topic more or keep me going the right way.
Now surrealism is highly related to our unconscious, subconscious or whatever we want to call it. Surrealism was a founder of the Automatism which was so highly related to C.G. Jung analysis of the unconscious mind.
The Surrealist impulse to tap the subconscious mind, and their interests in myth and primitivism, went on to shape the, and they remain influential today.
Surrealism was officially founded in 1924, when André Breton wrote Le Manifeste du Surréalisme. In it, he defined Surrealism as “Psychic automatism in its pure state, by which one proposes to express – verbally, by means of the written word, or in any other manner – the actual functioning of thought.” In this, he proposed that artists should seek access to their unconscious mind in order to make art inspired by this realm.
More information from: http://www.theartstory.org/movement-surrealism.htm
Surrealist can be diverted into three groups. Two of the most famous ones are the Automatists and Veristic Surrelists. In short I could sum up each of the group by saying that: Automatists have created the Abstract Expressionism movement – abstract automatic drawings/paintings have been the only way to bring up the images from our subconscious and they have been mostly relying on feelings; Veristic Surrealists relied on metaphors, they have been showing the subconscious messages using their own language of words through the chosen imagery.
When psychology talked about Automatism, these artists interpreted it as referring to a suppression of consciousness in favor of the subconscious. This group, being more focused on feeling and less analytical, understood Automatism to be the automatic way in which the images of the subconscious reach the conscience. They believed these images should not be burdened with “meaning.”
Faithful to this interpretation, the Automatists saw the academic discipline of art as intolerant of the free expression of feeling, and felt form, which had dominated the history of art, was a culprit in that intolerance. They believed abstractionism was the only way to bring to life the images of the subconscious. Coming from the Dada tradition, these artists also linked scandal, insult and irreverence toward the elite’s with freedom. They continued to believe that lack of form was a way to rebel against them.
The Veristic Surrealists
This group, on the other hand, interpreted Automatism to mean allowing the images of the subconscious to surface undisturbed so that their meaning could then be deciphered through analysis. They wanted to faithfully represent these images as a link between the abstract spiritual realities, and the real forms of the material world. To them, the object stood as a metaphor for an inner reality. Through metaphor the concrete world could be understood, not by looking at the objects, but by looking into them.
Veristic Surrealists, saw academic discipline and form as the means to represent the images of the subconscious with veracity; as a way to freeze images that, if unrecorded, would easily dissolve once again into the unknown. They hoped to find a way to follow the images of the subconscious until the conscience could understand their meaning. The language of the subconscious is the image, and the consciousness had to learn to decode that language so it could translate it into its own language of words.
More information from: http://www.gosurreal.com/history.htm
Top tips on thinking as a surrealist:
The aim of surrealism is to represent the metaphysical world of dreams where everything and anything is possible.
You have to create in the mind of the observer one simple question: why?
Key points are “no conventions” and “no logical schemes” – only freedom, madness and irrationality will work.
More about ”Creating a surrealist image” by Corrado Vanelli from http://www.creativebloq.com/digital-art/creating-surrealist-image-3-top-tips-111413435
To create a surreal item it is important, vital, that the subconscious is the sole creator. The method is simple. The words or images will appear in your mind, like magic, when the mood is right. It’s a simple matter of ignoring your conscious thoughts, and listening only to your subconscious. Mental control is important. The conscious mind should be limited in its powers as much as possible.
Simple observation of the subconscious, without a subject or predisposition, will result in something as meaningful as a dream. It will probably be a dream. It will probably be about some recent memory or activity. This is not useless, but is undirected, and might have limited scope or even be literally nonsensical to other people. This is one reason why a lot of surrealism appears to be nonsense.
More about ”How to think like a Surrealist” by Mark Sheeky from http://www.wetcanvas.com/Articles2/118095/834/